Trees · Uncategorized

River Birch Tree

River Birch Tree – Betula nigra
The River Birch Tree is a tree named for its growth along rivers, streams and lakeshores. It is one of the most widely distributed and adapted birch trees in the United States and is the most borer-resistant birch. As the name implies, this tree thrives in acidic, moist soils and does well in Hardiness Zones 4-9. It also does well in loamy, well-drained, and clay soils. Although it’s preference is moist, or even wet soil, its hardiness makes this tree somewhat drought tolerant. Preferring full sun to part shade, this magnificent tree is fast growing, gaining an average of 13-24 inches per year. Its height at maturity is between 40-70 feet with its width being between 40-60 feet. With such a large, impressive tree-top canopy, the River Birch Tree makes an excellent shade tree, blocking out the sunlight while adding beauty and visual appeal to any landscape. Being considered a low maintenance tree by many gardeners and arborists, this tree will add a delightful presence to any home, park, golf course, or even on the public street. Once mature, its attractive cinnamon, coppery colored bark curls and peels, typically revealing either a slightly salmon pink or a silvery white tree trunk underneath. Its foliage includes leaves that are 2-3 inches long, oval in shape, and with a serrated edge. However, being a deciduous tree, these leaves will change from green to yellow in the fall and will shed all its foliage by winter, baring its beautiful slender bark. Long, cylindrical flower clusters bloom in the spring in the months of April and May. The glossy green leaves and silvery white twigs of the River Birch Tree are appealing to all kinds of wildlife, especially attracting deer, while the seeds it produces attracts many different types of birds and rodents. The River Birch Tree is a natural choice to not only shade a home or area, but to add a beautiful piece of nature, creating an attraction to the local wildlife.